The big change came on the night of November 9-10. After six weeks of fighting in which Azerbaijan has retaken huge swathes of lost territory, Armenian leaders on all fronts facing military collapse have agreed, in despair, on a nine-point peace agreement announced in Moscow. The announcement sparked riots in the Armenian capital Yerevan. Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan may not survive the crisis that he has mismanaged by patriotic rhetoric, but which he has not seriously engaged in diplomacy. But every successor will have no choice but to accept this agreement. The Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement in 2020 is a ceasefire agreement that ended the Nagorno-Karabakh war in 2020. Signed on 9 November by Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan and Russian President Vladimir Putin, it ended all hostilities in the Nagorno-Karabakh region from 00:00, 10 November 2020 Moscow time.   The President of the self-declared Artsakh Republic, Arayik Harutyunyan, also agreed to the end of hostilities.  Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev responded to the agreement by saying: „This declaration represents the capitulation of Armenia. This declaration ends years of occupation.  Major celebrations erupted throughout Azerbaijan, including in Baku, the capital, when news of the agreement was announced.  „Personally, I have made a very tough decision for myself and for all of us,” Pachinjan said in a statement posted online, calling the ceasefire conditions „incredibly painful for me and our people.” In a video address, Aliyev mocked Pachinjan and said he had signed the agreement because of his „iron fist.” „They [Armenian forces] should either voluntarily leave the territory by complying with the agreement, or the heroic Azerbaijani army will retake those countries as it has done so far. There is no other choice,” Said Mevlut Cavusoglu at a press conference in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan`s president, Ilham Aliyev, said Pachinjan had no choice but to sign the „historic agreement.” President Putin said the agreement would involve an exchange of prisoners of war, while removing „all economic and transport contacts.” Armenian opposition parties have called on the government to revoke the agreement. And the country`s president, Armen Sarkissian, distanced himself from the agreement, saying he learned about the negotiations through the media and called for „political consultations” to get out of the crisis. A Kremlin spokesman said there had been no agreement on sending Turkish peacekeeping forces to the disputed area, but that the Turkish military would assist the staff of a joint observatory with Russian forces. The agreement calls on the Armenian armed forces to cede control of certain areas they held outside the borders of Nagorno-Karabakh, including the eastern district of Agdam. This area has a strong symbolic weight for Azerbaijan, because its capital, also called Agdam, has been completely looted and the only intact building is the mosque of the city. As of 10 November 2020, Russian troops and armaments, which were to be a peacekeeping force under the agreement, are expected to enter the Nagorno-Karabakh region.  The force was reportedly airlifted to Armenia prior to the signing of the agreement.  On 12 November, the Russian force consisted mainly of personnel from the 15th Motor Rifle Brigade, which had entered Stepanakert and began deploying observation posts throughout the region.  The BBC reported that a large crowd had gathered in the Armenian capital to protest against the peace agreement, while Azerbaijan`s Aliyev said the agreement was of „historical importance”.